Next Meeting: Tuesday, September 18, 2012
Andrews University, Biology Amphitheater, Price Hall, Berrien Springs, Mi
Meeting starts ~ 7:30 p.m. (Every 3rd Tuesday of every month except December)
Introduce visitors, Present club Information & general Dive related news, Identify dive related events in August/ September, Present any Show & Tell, Discuss any planned or finished DIY, Discuss current diving experiences & lessons learned if any, Open session, Going to Roma’s in Berrien Springs after meeting.
FYI: MUD Club hats are available- call Mack to reserve one & I will bring it to the meeting. They are $10.00 each. ( Black, White and …Khaki remaining)
Last Meeting Highlights:
There were 13 in attendance and no visitors. Excellent equipment presentation on “Pony’s & Sling bottle Rigging”, recent dives identified included “Lake Mich dives on the Fire Boat & barriers in Muskegon, Mack’s Wreck, Gull Lake, Martins Lake 16, ST Joe river in Benton harbor; Referenced recent dives on Mack’s Wreck by SWMUP personnel, discussion & planning for club steak fry and Cheboygan dive trip.
There has been Few Fresh MUD & Events Calendar Updates:
No Information & details equals No Club Site Updates. So please email me info about your dives and any dive related happenings so I can update the site. Pictures Appreciated! http://mudclub.scubaobsessed.com/.
Food for thought:
What is your opinion on “Capitalism Versus Socialism in U/W Archaeology” [page 2]
It’s NOT getting any warmer people so let’s get wet!!!
Food For Thought:
Capitalism Versus Socialism in U/W Archaeology
Should shipwrecks be left open to sport divers and commercial salvors (hereinafter lumped together as Capitalistic Archaeologists) who seek keep or sell the artifacts? Or, should wrecks, once discovered, be left untouched until they can be worked by unpaid volunteers and/or government and institutional archaeologists (hereinafter lumped together as Socialistic Archaeologists) who will raise everything regardless of value?
Capitalistic Archaeologists want to make or save money. They tend to welcome and use the knowledge and help of others. Most Capitalistic Archaeologists use basic archaeological techniques simply because it makes them more productive in their work.
Socialistic Archaeologists believe wrecks are public property and do not believe artifacts should ever be sold. Except when it affects their own budget, Socialistic Archaeologists are less likely to place a high priority on cost as they are usually financed by tax dollars or by donations.
Most Socialistic Archaeologists belong to exclusive professional societies which prohibit their members from keeping or selling artifacts. This is done to discourage looting of archaeological sites.
Looters are criminals showing wanton disregard for the rights and property of others. Looters work sites without lawful right and usually without proper record keeping. Looters are thieves who are strictly in it for profit, and break all kinds of laws respecting public and private property. Looters should definitely be reported and if possible stopped.
Unfortunately, because like looters, Capitalistic Archaeologists are also interested in profit and typically market the artifacts they find, many Socialistic Archaeologists unfairly try to brand Capitalistic Archaeologists as looters. Those Socialistic Archaeologists are either trying to protect their own jobs by smearing others, or they simply don’t understand that Capitalistic Archaeologists are not looters and are people working within the law to aid the public (the courts have routinely defined salvage as in the best interest of the public).
It cost the British government the equivalent of over fifty million dollars (U.S. $50,000,000) to salvage and conserve portions of the wreck of the Mary Rose (lost in 1545) to basic archaeological standards.
One of the most important points to realize is that many wrecks have long since been largely (although not completely) broken up by environmental forces, eaten by the teredo navalis (marine borer), or otherwise destroyed by nature, and therefore offer relatively little to learn in an archaeological sense, except what the few remaining hard parts (consisting primarily of scattered armaments, cargo, and fittings) can tell us.
Wrecks in shallow water, high-energy areas are not only difficult to work, the artifacts are usually scattered to the point of being of almost no interest to Socialistic Archaeologists due to their typical lack of stratigraphy and articulated structure. The work took over ten years and still required making extensive use of volunteers. Unbelievably, many Socialistic Archaeologists thought the work was not up to their standards, and felt even more money should have been spent. That was over a decade ago and the costs would be far higher today.
(extract from paper by Dr. E. Lee Spence, President Sea Research Society)